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PANOSE

时间:2007-01-17 20:00:42| 术语|浏览:100|作者:fontke
导语PANOSE是一种依照字体外观来进行分类的方法。对于未知的字体,可以透过PANOSE体系将字体的外观特征整理并且与其他字体归类比较。PANOSE定义了几个范围:Latin Text, Latin Script, Latin Decorative, I

PANOSE是一种依照字体外观来进行分类的方法。对于未知的字体,可以透过PANOSE体系将字体的外观特征整理并且与其他字体归类比较。

PANOSE定义了几个范围:Latin Text, Latin Script, Latin Decorative, Iconographic, Japanese Text, Cyrillic Text, Hebrew。PANOSE的原形在1985年由 Benjamin Bauermeister 所开发,当时一个字体由七个16进制数字所定义,现在则发展为十个。这每一个数字都定义一种视觉外观的单位,像是笔划的粗细或是字体衬线的样式。

 

图:Family,Serif Style和Proportion选项由Windows系统用来进行字体选择和匹配。

举例来说,Times New Roman字体,依照PANOSE系统的定义如下:

Family Kind 2 (Latin text)
Serif Style 2 (Cove)
Weight 6 (Medium)
Proportion 3 (Modern)
Contrast 5 (Medium low)
Stroke variation 4 (Transitional)
Arm style 5 (Straight arms)
Letterform 2 (Round)
Midline 3 (Standard)
X-height 4 (Large)

这十个选项的含义以及可以取的值(括号中给出)在下面列出。这些是最通常的情形,其“family”为2,Text and Display。(如果这第一个数字取值不同,那么剩余九个数字的含义也随之不同)。

Family
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Latin Text and Display (2)
  • Latin Script (3)
  • Latin Decorative (4)
  • Latin Pictorial (5)
Serif Style
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Cove (2)
  • Obtuse Cove (3)
  • Square Cove (4)
  • Obtuse Square Cove (5)
  • Square (6)
  • Thin (7)
  • Bone (8)
  • Exaggerated (9)
  • Triangle (10)
  • Normal Sans (11)
  • Obtuse Sans (12)
  • Perp Sans (13)
  • Flared (14)
  • Rounded (15)
Weight
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Very Light (2)[100]
  • Light (3) [200]
  • Thin (4) [300]
  • Book (5) [400]
  • Medium (6) [500]
  • Demi (7) [600]
  • Bold (8) [700]
  • Heavy (9) [800]
  • Black (10) [900]
  • Extra Black / Nord (11) [900]
Proportion
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Old Style (2)
  • Modern (3)
  • Even Width (4)
  • Expanded (5)
  • Condensed (6)
  • Very Expanded (7)
  • Very Condensed (8)
  • Monospaced (9)
Contrast
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • None (2)
  • Very Low (3)
  • Low (4)
  • Medium Low (5)
  • Medium (6)
  • Medium High (7)
  • High (8)
  • Very High (9)
Stroke Variation
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • No Variation (2)
  • Gradual/Diagonal (3)
  • Gradual/Transitional (4)
  • Gradual/Vertical (5)
  • Gradual/Horizontal (6)
  • Rapid/Vertical (7)
  • Rapid/Horizontal (8)
  • Instant/Horizontal (9)
  • Instant/Vertical (10)
Arm Style
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Straight Arms/Horizontal (2)
  • Straight Arms/Wedge (3)
  • Straight Arms/Vertical (4)
  • Straight Arms/Single Serif (5)
  • Straight Arms/Double Serif (6)
  • Non-Straight Arms/Horizontal (7)
  • Non-Straight Arms/Wedge (8)
  • Non-Straight Arms/Vertical 90)
  • Non-Straight Arms/Single Serif (10)
  • Non-Straight Arms/Double Serif (11)
Letterform
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Normal/Contact (2)
  • Normal/Weighted (3)
  • Normal/Boxed (4)
  • Normal/Flattened (5)
  • Normal/Rounded (6)
  • Normal/Off Center (7)
  • Normal/Square (8)
  • Oblique/Contact (9)
  • Oblique/Weighted (10)
  • Oblique/Boxed (11)
  • Oblique/Flattened (12)
  • Oblique/Rounded (13)
  • Oblique/Off Center (14)
  • Oblique/Square (15)
Midline
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Standard/Trimmed (2)
  • Standard/Pointed (3)
  • Standard/Serifed (4)
  • High/Trimmed (5)
  • High/Pointed (6)
  • High/Serifed (7)
  • Constant/Trimmed (8)
  • Constant/Pointed (9)
  • Constant/Serifed (10)
  • Low/Trimmed (11)
  • Low/Pointed (12)
  • Low/Serifed (13)
XHeight
  • Any (0)
  • No Fit (1)
  • Constant/Small (2)
  • Constant/Standard (3)
  • Constant/Large (4)
  • Ducking/Small (5)
  • Ducking/Standard (6)
  • Ducking/Large (7)
1
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